The Abadeh carpets take their name from one of the cities of the Fars province, in the heart of Iran, right between Shiraz and Isfahan
The town of the same name, always known as a crossroads of migratory routes and a place to rest for caravans in transit on the fertile plain surrounding it. Abadeh city underwent a powerful impulse for its development around 1700 when the Qashqai, the dedicated nomadic people to pastoralism, used to go through. Then they gradually abandoned itinerant life to become permanent and stable. In particular, this transformation of lifestyle has contributed to the creation of an economy based on weaving, guaranteeing a qualitative leap in the production of carpets with well recognizable characteristics and iconography concentrated on figurative themes.
History of Abadeh Carpets
Specifically, with regard to the historical evolution of Abadeh carpets, we must remember that these represent a type of artifact that recently appeared on the market and therefore can not boast the historicity of other types. However, despite the overall limited tradition in this sector, the production of Adadeh carpets has reached an authoritative position in the reference market, also thanks to some appreciated features that make their characteristics unmistakable.
The knot used for the production of Abadeh Persian Carpets, worked on large vertical frames, is the farsibaft, an asymmetrical knot of Persian origin, certainly the most suitable to guarantee a particularly meticulous rendering of drawings and details. In number of knots it varies from 2000 to 3000 per square decimeter and, although not known for a particular refinement, the Abadeh Carpets are widely appreciated for the regularity of their warp and good consistency.
Features of Abadeh Carpets
Also from the point of view of the depictions, the style and the contents of the drawings of Abadeh carpets have undergone a profound evolution which has made the themes and motifs increasingly appreciated. Abadeh carpets Born essentially with a single subject, essentially a vase of flowers, which occupied almost all the available surface. With time and with the influence suffered by the nomadic population, the design has been enriched with motifs related to the landscape world and the sheep-farming. As a result, Abadeh carpets were becoming more variegated with time but easily notable by well characteristic traits.
Colors and Patterns of Abadeh Carpets
Today the Abadeh Persian Carpets are recognized for the use of the red, blue and cream colors and for the specialization in two well defined decorative veins. A first type involves the insertion of a central hexagon that divides the surface of the carpet into 5 portions. Inside the hexagon there is a medallion motif on a beige and blue background, usually repeated 5 times, while the side portions include a dense decoration of geometric designs that recall stars, birds, stylized heads of wild animals, flowers and horns. The other strand of Abadeh carpets, on the other hand, is more influenced by Persian influences and takes up the old motif tied to the vases of roses with the representation of 2 stylized birds that surround it on the sides.
The Abadeh Persian Carpets are placed in an intermediate price range and, generally, they are small or medium sized. Made from short cotton pile, which is also very stable, Abadeh carpets are perfectly good for areas like the hallway.