The Afshar carpets are Persian Carpets, which are hand-made by the Afshari populations. They traditionally nomadic but today more stable, mainly located in the district of Kerman, in the South East of Iran. For hundreds of years these nomads lived in northwestern Iran, but a part of the tribe was necessarily moved to the area of today, where carpet production became an important branch of activity. The weaving activity of the Afshari is linked to the nomadic culture, which favors the use of the horizontal frame, manual techniques and natural raw materials over the centuries.
The Afshari, of Turkmen linguistic lineage, come from the areas corresponding to the current Azerbaijan and are forced into exile. A large nucleus of Afshari has settled in villages in the district of Kerman in Iran, devoting themselves to agriculture, pastoralism and carpet weaving, without losing the nomadic culture. The progressive integration with the local Persian population has led to the copying and slow fusion of designs and styles and today it is not easy to distinguish the Afshari carpets from those worked by the native Persians, if not relying on the eyes and on the guarantor experience.
Characteristics of Afshar Carpets
The Afshar Persian Carpets, also known as Sirjan, have a robust structure, they use cotton yarn for the warp and weft and high quality wool, produced by the Afshari flocks, to spread the pile. The most common designs are the geometric ones, typical of nomadic populations, with frequent references to nature. An original decoration of the Afshar Persian Rugs is the ” morghi “, a Persian term that indicates the hen, reproduced hundreds of times, then the medallion motifs are used, where rustic tribal patterns are reminiscent of Caucasian carpets or weaves that recall the works of Kerman.
Colors and Patterns of Afshar Carpets
The most used colors, very saturated and decisive, are indigo blue, carnelian red, saffron yellow and ocher. Dyeing exploits, the knowledge handed down over the centuries and uses raw materials such as walnut, pomegranate peel, vine leaves and other natural materials, suitably processed. The texture uses symmetrical and asymmetrical knots, with a density ranging from 120,000 to 250,000 per square meter. Another distinctive feature of the Afshar Carpets is the proportion of the dimensions, as they are wider than normal if not square.
This fantastic example of Afshar Persian Carpet is characterized by a large central field with dense floral.