An Iranian rug or Iranian carpet has been famous and used for a long time ago, and the proof and document is also written by the Greek historian Dzhenfonon in the book of Morality of Cyrus, written between 430 and 345 BC: “The Iranians are puting and spreading rug under their bed, because they want to be more soft and comfortable.
The Chinese Yearbook in the term of Sassanid mentions Iranian wool carpets as a commodity imported to China. The famous Baharestan carpet at Tisfon Palace also has a great reflection on Islamic literature due to its glory. The earliest sample of the world’s rug, which has been discovered from a long time ago, is the Aryan rug with the Hakhamanesh,s noble motif found in the frozen grave of one of the Scythian rulers in the Pazirik valley 80 kilometers outside of Mongolia and is called Pazirik. The researchers find this carpet from handcrafts of Parthians or Medes and related to the Achaemenid period. Currently, 40 percent of Persian carpet exports are made through East Azarbaijan province.
Iran’s relative advantage in handmade carpet production and export
One of the phenomenal phenomena in recent years is the growing trend of globalization; Iran is seeking to join the World Trade Organization (WTO) in order to expand its non-oil exports and presence in non-oil markets, and is currently a member of the organization’s observer . One of the important industries to be studied for this purpose is the handmade carpet. The export competitiveness index of handmade rugs in 65 isfahan silk rings is 0.88, indicating that the 65 handcrafted silk rings of Isfahan province in the current conditions are competitive in global markets. The relative advantage index is equal to 0.79 on the basis of the unit cost, which is the actual competitive advantage in free competition conditions after the accession of Iran to the WTO (WTO), and represents the relative advantage of the Esfahan province in producing the carpet and rug .
The photo that is above is the Persian rug and represents the Safavid art (around 1600 AD). Nestaliq’s line has been used in this rug. The dimensions of this rug are 226 x 162 centimeters
Iran’s history of carpet has a lot of vacuum, and in the present time, with some evidence in this field, such as authentic historical and literary documents, or authentic old paintings that depicts the old carpet, they face the fact that carpets and textiles and objects used for their life are much shorter life than artifacts in Another handmade art such as a glaze or metal pottery. The researchers rely on their evidence of early sources such as the Bible and Homer’s works, and many other authors and writers to compensate for the lack of historical evidence. Unfortunately, they have been misplaced by relying on original translations, often misleading due to errors in translation and misunderstandings.
Symbolism and Semantics in Persian Carpet
In the art of Persian rugs weaving as an art of what is left behind by the views of the creator’s association with the peripheral world, which is manifested directly and indirectly in the works. An Iranian rug that has not been sterilized by its mythological religious beliefs is a major difference with the Western artist in a metaphysical relationship with the earth. Oriental carpet, and especially the weaver and designer of Iran, have considered the vast land of restitution and livelihood, perhaps because of this, in Eastern carpet, each shape and scheme becomes an element of the high world, perhaps this is why the size of the shapes that it plays is as large as The schemes that God creates are therefore widespread and hidden in the carpet so that he can cope with the creative power of his surroundings and bring the combination of taste and observation to the point where he will go so far as to ban a so insignificant prohibition of the shape of the animal with the human face And without it, he wants to take an arena on art
Aspect of carpet and weaving rug
Persian rugs and discussions on its history have always been one of the most sought after issues of Orientalists, both Iranian and non-Iranian, but since most of the studies carried out on this subject has lack of the scientific foundation and, in other words, are not based on the correct basis, in most cases with all the false results, and even are biased, the interest in researching Iranian rugs and carpets and its historical background for more than 100 years has attracted the attention of Western scholars, but because attention to the ancient art of the East has been associated with non-archeological purposes for many occasions, it has been tried in many cases Including history and so on The rig of Iran’s carpet weighed around and, with some false pictures and hasty conclusions, relates it to the art of Turks and the tribes of Central Asia, which we will explain it. According to Dr Sirus Parham, artifacts such as rugs and carpets weighing in the Middle And specially in Iran and the Caucasus, Turkmenistan, and Asia Minor and Afghanistan. from the first time, western scholars have been an annoying riddle, and since they were not affiliated with Greece, West and West civilization, and not Christianity, it could not have been the achievement or mastery of the colonies, but not long ago,from the blessing of Several archaeologists from the Prussian Empire they solved the puzzle, and were considered to be carpenters of art and industry, and they grew up and raised in the heavens of the West and Christianity.